The Asylum List

Our County Asylums List. In 1914 there were over one hundred thousand patients within over one hundred mental institutions around the United Kingdom, the majority of these institutions were built since the passing of the County Asylum / Lunacy Act in 1845. With the passing of the care in the community act in the 1980’s, many of these institutions have since closed; only a few of them remain open and in the use for Mental Health services.

The original county asylums list was first compiled by Dr. Jeremy Taylor for his definitive publication Hospital And Asylum Architecture 1840-1914 then updated by both Simon Cornwell and Peter Cracknell. We have since modified this list to what we believe to be the true ‘County Asylum’ list for England and Wales.

The list comprises of 119 ‘County Asylums’ in both England and Wales. We have also added a further list for additional asylums/hospitals that we do not believe come under the ‘County Asylum’ list but are noteworthy inclusions to the website. We will continue to add to the other institutions as the site evolves.

↓ Click on the asylum name for individual history & photos

County Asylums
Other Institutions
Scottish Asylums

County Asylums

Name Location Managing County Original Name
All Saints Birmingham Warwickshire First Birmingham Borough Asylum
Banstead Belmont Middlesex Third (old) Middlesex County Asylum
Barnsley Hall Bromsgrove Worcestershire Worcester County Asylum
Barrow Barrow Gurney Gloucestershire Bristol City Mental Hospital
Bedford Bedford Bedfordshire Bedford Asylum
Bexley Dartford London Seventh London County Asylum, Dartford Heath
Broadgate Beverley Yorkshire East Riding County Asylum
Brookwood Woking Surrey Second Surrey County Asylum
Calderstones Clitheroe Lancashire Sixth Lancashire Asylum/ Calderstones Institution
Cane Hill Coulsdon Surrey Third (old) Surrey County Asylum
Carlton Hayes Narborough Leicestershire Leicestershire and Rutland Asylum
Caterham Caterham London Metropolitan Asylums Board – Caterham Imbecile Asylum
Cefn Coed Swansea Glamorgan Swansea Borough Asylum
Central Hatton Warwickshire Warwickshire County Lunatic Asylum
Cherry Knowle Ryhope County Durham Sunderland Borough Asylum
Claybury Redbridge London Fifth LCC Pauper Lunatic Asylum
Clifton York Yorkshire City of York and North and East Ridings Joint Asylum
Coney Hill Gloucester Gloucestershire Second Gloucestershire County Asylum
Darenth Park Dartford Kent Metropolitan Asylums Board – Darenth Asylum and Schools
De La Pole Willerby, Hull Yorkshire Kingston upon Hull Borough Asylum
Deva Chester Cheshire First Cheshire County Lunatic Asylum
Digby Exeter Devon Exeter City Lunatic Asylum
Exminster Exeter Devon Devon County Pauper Lunatic Asylum
Fairfield Stotfold Bedfordshire Bedford Lunatic Asylum
Fair Mile Cholsey Berkshire Berkshire Newbury and Reading Joint (Moulsford) Asylum
Forston Charminster Dorset First Dorsetshire County Asylum
Friern Barnet Middlesex Middlesex County Pauper Asylum, Colney Hatch
Fulbourn Cambridge Cambridgeshire Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely Joint Counties Asylum
Garlands Carleton Cumberland Cumberland and Westmorland Joint Counties Asylum
Glanrhyd Bridgend Glamorgan First Glamorgan County Asylum, Angleton
Glenside Bristol Gloucestershire Bristol City Asylum
Goodmayes Chadwell Essex West Ham Borough Lunatic Asylum
Graylingwell Chichester Sussex West Sussex County Asylum
Haverfordwest Haverfordwest Pembrokeshire Havefordwest Borough Asylum
Hellingly Hellingly Sussex East Sussex Asylum
Hellesdon Norfolk Norfolk Second (new) Norwich Borough Asylum
Herrison Dorchester Dorset Second Dorset County Lunatic Asylum
High Royds Menston Yorkshire West Riding Asylum
Hill End St Albans Hertfordshire Hertfordshire County Asylum
Hollymoor Birmingham Warwickshire Third Birmingham City Asylum
Horton Epsom London Seventh London County Council Asylum
Horton Road Gloucester Gloucestershire First Gloucestershire County Asylum
Hull Kingston upon Hull Yorkshire Hull and East Riding Refuge
Kingsway Derby Derbyshire Derby Borough Lunatic Asylum
Knowle Fareham Hampshire First Hampshire County Lunatic Asylum
Lancaster Moor Lancaster Lancashire First Lancashire County Pauper Lunatic Asylum
Leavesden Abbots Langley Hertfordshire Metropolitan Asylums Board – Leavesden Imbecile Asylum
Leicestershire Leicester Leicestershire First Leicestershire Asylum
Littlemore Oxford Oxfordshire Oxfordshire County Pauper Lunatic Asylum
Long Grove Epsom London Tenth London County Asylum
Manor Epsom London Sixth London County Asylum
Mapperley Nottingham Nottinghamshire Nottingham Borough Asylum
Maudsley Camberwell London The Maudsley Neurological Clearing Hospital
Mendip Wells Somerset Somerset And Bath County Asylum
Mid Wales Talgarth Breconshire Mid Wales Counties Mental Hospital
Middlewood Wadsley Yorkshire Second West Riding of Yorkshire County Asylum
Moorhaven Plymouth Devon Plymouth Borough Asylum
Naburn Fulford Yorkshire York City Asylum
Napsbury St Albans Middlesex Second (new) Middlesex County Asylum
Netherne Hooley Surrey Surrey County Asylum
North Wales Denbigh Denbighshire North Wales Counties Lunatic Asylum
Norwich Norwich Norfolk First (old) Norwich Borough Asylum
Oakwood Maidstone Kent First Kent County Asylum
Parc Bridgend Glamorgan Second Glamorganshire Asylum, Parc Gwyllt
Park Prewett Sherborne St.John Hampshire Second Hampshire County Lunatic Asylum
Parkside Macclesfield Cheshire Second Cheshire County Asylum
Pastures Derby Derbyshire Derbyshire County Asylum
Pen-Y-Fal Abergavenny Monmouthshire Joint Counties Lunatic Asylum
Powick Powick Worcestershire First Worcestershire County Lunatic Asylum
Prestwich Manchester Lancashire Second Lancashire County Asylum
Rainhill Prescot Lancashire Third Lancashire County Asylum
Rauceby Sleaford Lincolnshire Kesteven County Asylum
Roundway Devizes Wiltshire Wiltshire County Asylum
Rubery Hill Birmingham Warwickshire Second Birmingham Borough Asylum
Runwell Chelmsford Essex Runwell Mental Hospital
Saxondale Nottingham Nottinghamshire Second Nottinghamshire County Asylum
Scalebor Park Burley In Wharfedale Yorkshire West Riding Private Asylum (Scalebor Park)
Severalls Colchester Essex Second Essex County Asylum
Shelton Shrewsbury Shropshire Shropshire and Wenlock Borough Lunatic Asylum
Shenley Radlett Middlesex Third (new) Middlesex County Mental Hospital
Sneinton Nottingham Nottinghamshire Nottingham Asylum
Springfield Wandsworth Surrey Surrey County Asylum
St Andrew’s Norwich Norfolk Norfolk County Lunatic Asylum
St Audry’s Melton Suffolk Suffolk County Asylum for Pauper Lunatics
St Augustine’s Canterbury Kent Second Kent County Asylum
St Bernard’s Ealing Middlesex Middlesex County Asylum/Hanwell Asylum
St Cadoc’s Newport Monmouthshire Newport Borough Mental Hospital
St Clement’s Ipswich Suffolk Ipswich Borough Mental Hospital
St Crispin Duston Northamptonshire Northampton County Lunatic Asylum
St David’s Carmarthen Carmarthenshire The United Lunatic Asylum for Cardigan, Carmarthen, Glamorgan and Pembroke
St Ebba’s Epsom London Ewell Epileptic Colony
St Edward’s Cheddleton Staffordshire Third Staffordshire County Asylum
St Francis Haywards Heath Sussex Sussex County Asylum
St George’s (Stafford) Stafford Staffordshire First Staffordshire County Lunatic Asylum
St George’s (Morpeth) Morpeth Northumberland County Pauper Lunatic Asylum for Northumberland
St James’ Portsmouth Hampshire Portsmouth Borough Asylum
St John’s (Bracebridge Heath) Bracebridge Heath Lincolnshire Lincolnshire County Pauper Lunatic Asylum
St John’s (Stone) Stone Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire County Lunatic Asylum
St Lawrence’s Bodmin Cornwall Cornwall County Lunatic Asylum
St Luke’s Middlesbrough Yorkshire Middlesbrough Borough Asylum
St Martin’s Canterbury Kent Canterbury Borough Asylum
St Mary’s (Burghill) Burghill Herefordshire Herefordshire County Lunatic Asylum
St Mary’s (North Saltwick) Stannington County Durham Gateshead Borough Asylum
St Matthew’s Burntwood Staffordshire Second Staffordshire County Pauper Lunatic Asylum
St Nicholas’s Coxlodge Northumberland Newcastle upon Tyne Borough Lunatic Asylum
Stanley Royd Wakefield Yorkshire West Riding Pauper Lunatic Asylum
Stone House Dartford Kent City of London Lunatic Asylum
Storthes Hall Kirkburton Yorkshire Fourth West Riding Pauper Lunatic Asylum
The Towers Humberstone Leicestershire Leicester Borough Lunatic Asylum
Tone Vale Taunton Somerset Somerset County Asylum
Tooting Bec Tooting London Metropolitan Asylums Board – Tooting Bec Asylum
Warley Brentwood Essex Essex County Lunatic Asylum
Warlingham Park Chelsham Surrey Croydon Borough Asylum
West Park Epsom London Eleventh London County Mental Hospital
Whitchurch Whitchurch Glamorgan Cardiff City Mental Hospital
Whitecroft Newport (IOW) Hampshire Isle of Wight County Asylum
Whittingham Preston Lancashire Fourth Lancashire County Asylum
Winterton Sedgefield County Durham Durham County Asylum
Winwick Warrington Lancashire Fifth Lancashire County Asylum

Other Institutions

Name Type Location Managing County Original Name
Ashworth Hospital Criminal Asylum Liverpool Lancashire Moss Side Hospital
Barnwood House Hospital Private Asylum Gloucester Gloucestershire Barnwood House Asylum
Bethel Hospital Subscription Asylum Norwich Norwich Bethel Hospital for Lunatics
Bethlem Royal Hospital Subscription Asylum London London The Priory of St Mary of Bethlehem; Our Lady of Bethlehem
Bethnal House Asylum Licensed Madhouse Bethnal Green London Bethnal Green Asylum
Bootham Park Hospital Subscription Asylum York Yorkshire York Lunatic Asylum Asylum
Brentry Hospital ex Inebriate Reformatory Henbury Gloucestershire Brentry Colony for Inebriates
Broadmoor Hospital Criminal Asylum Crowthorne Berkshire Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum
Camberwell House Asylum Licensed Madhouse Camberwell London Former Royal Naval School
Cheadle Royal Hospital Subscription Asylum Cheadle Cheshire Manchester’s Royal Lunatic Asylum
Coton Hill Hospital Private Asylum Stafford Staffordshire Coton Hill Institution for the Insane
Fountain Hospital ex Fever Hospital Tooting London Metropolitan Asylums Board – Fountain Fever Hospital
Grove Hall Asylum Licensed Madhouse Bow London Grove Hall Establishment
Haydock Lodge Asylum Licensed Madhouse Newton le Willows Lancashire Haydock Lodge Lunatic Asylum
Hoxton House Asylum Licensed Madhouse Hoxton London Hoxton Madhouse
Mary Dendy Hospital Certified Institution Great Warford Cheshire Sandlebridge Boarding School and Homes
Middlefield Hall Hospital Private Asylum Knowle Warwickshire Midland Counties Asylum for Idiots and Imbeciles
Normansfield Hospital Private Asylum Kingston London Normansfield Private Asylum for Idiots
Old Manor Hospital Private Madhouse Salisbury Wiltshire Fisherton House Asylum for Lunatics
Peckham House Asylum Licensed Madhouse Peckham London Peckham House Lunatic Asylum
Princess Christian’s Hospital Certified Institiution Hildenborough Kent Princess Christian’s Farm Colony
Rampton Hospital Criminal Asylum Retford Nottinghamshire Rampton Criminal Lunatic Asylum
Royal Albert Hospital Subscription Asylum Lancaster Lancashire Northern Counties Asylum for Idiots
Royal Earlswood Hospital Subscription Asylum Redhill Surrey Earlswood Asylum for Idiots
Royal Eastern Counties Hospital Subscription Asylum Colchester Essex Eastern Counties Asylum for Idiots
Royal Holloway Hospital Private Asylum Virginia Water Surrey St. Ann’s Heath Asylum
Royal Western Counties Hospital Subscription Asylum Starcross Devon Western Counties Idiot Asylum
St Andrew’s Hospital Subscription Asylum Northampton Northamptonshire Pauper and Private Asylum for Northampton
St Luke’s Hospital Subscription Asylum London London St Luke’s Hospital for Lunatics
Stoke Park Hospital Certified Instititution Stoke Gifford Gloucestershire Stoke Park Colony for the Mentally Defective
The Coppice Hospital Subscription Asylum Nottingham Nottinghamshire The Coppice Private Asylum
The Lawn Hospital Subscription Asylum Lincoln Lincolnshire Lincoln Lunatic Asylum
The Retreat Private Asylum York Yorkshire The Retreat
Warneford Hospital Subscription Asylum Headington Oxfordshire Radcliffe Lunatic Asylum
Whittington Hall Hospital Certified Institution Chesterfield Derbyshire Whittington Hall Institution
Wonford Hospital Subscription Asylum Exeter Devon Bowhill House, St Thomas’ Hospital/ Wonford House Asylum

Scottish Asylums

This is a basic list of the Scottish District Asylums created as a result of the Lunacy (Scotland) Act, 1857.  It’s work in progress at this stage and may not be 100% correct. We hope in time to add pages/more information as we get it.  Please email us if you have any information that maybe of help!

Name Built Original Name
Glasgow City 1814
Crichton Royal 1839
Gartnavel 1843
Southern Counties 1849 Dumfries & Galloway District Asylum
Royal Cornhill 1852 Aberdeen District Asylum
Sunnyside Royal 1858 Montrose District Asylum
Craig Dunain 1864 Northern Counties Asylum
Argyll & Bute 1864 Argyll District Asylum
Ladysbridge 1865 Banff District Asylum
Herdmanflat 1866 Haddington District Asylum
Stratheden 1866 Fife & Kinross District Asylum
Bellsdyke 1869 Stirling District Asylum
Murthly 1871 Perth District Asylum
Dingleton 1872 Roxburgh, Berwick & Selkirk District Asylum
Rosslynlee 1874 East Lothian & Peebles District Asylum
Woodilee 1875 Barony Parochial Asylum
Ailsa 1878 Ayrshire District Asylum
Ravenscraig 1879 Greenock District Asylum
Royal Liff 1882 Dundee District Asylum
Hartwood 1895 Lanarkshire District Asylum
Leverndale 1895 Govan District Asylum
Gartloch 1896 Glasgow District Asylum
Bangour Village 1904 West Lothian District Asylum
Dykebar 1909 Renfrew District Asylum